When it involves Hollywood, no annual occasion is extra rigorously scrutinised than the Oscars – and the Academy Awards are removed from controversy-free.
The organisers have come underneath hearth recently for makes an attempt to shake issues up by presenting some awards throughout advert breaks (a choice they rapidly backed down from), though that was nothing in comparison with the 2016 Oscars, which provoked an outpouring of bile when, for the second yr operating, there have been no non-white performing nominees in any respect, inspiring the #OscarsSoWhite hashtag.
But who’re we truly shaking our fists at after we yell, ‘Damn you, Academy!!!’? Or cheering, after we say, ‘Good job, Academy!’? Who are The Academy? Who truly makes up this omnipotent physique whose approval represents the very best doable accolade one can obtain in Hollywood?
Who votes for the Oscars, and who’re the Academy’s members?
The reply, traditionally, has been virtually completely white males. According to a 2014 survey performed by The Los Angeles Times, Oscar voters had been on common 63 years previous. 76% of them had been males, and 94% of them had been white. Fortunately that is modified a bit in the previous few years, though white males do nonetheless make up the biggest proportion of voters.
After 2016’s outcry, which included a number of high-profile stars together with Will Smith and Jada Pinkett-Smith boycotting the ceremony in protest, the Academy introduced plans to handle this, promising to double its variety of ladies and numerous members by 2020.
In June 2016 the Academy invited 683 new members to hitch, of which 41% of had been folks of color and 46% had been ladies.
2017 carried on the development, with the addition of a record-breaking 774 new members from 57 totally different nations. 39% of these had been ladies, and the Academy notes there’s been a 359% enhance in ladies invited to hitch since 2015. 30% of the brand new members in 2017 had been folks of color.
– Oscar nominations 2019 in full
Another numerous membership drive was championed in 2018, however the present breakdown continues to be solely a reported 31% feminine and 16% folks of color. That’s a 3% rise in every since 2017 – the Academy is hardly dashing in the direction of proportional illustration.
Now it is 2020, and for the 2019 nominees, the voting pool has as soon as once more expanded.
Again, the LA Times reported that: “By the Academy’s count, about 50 percent of the 842 film industry professionals invited to become members this year are women… About 29 percent are minorities.”
However, they add: “The new class would not do much to change the overall makeup of the elite group. If all the invitations are accepted — some people have declined in the past, one being Woody Allen — female membership will rise to 32 percent from 31 percent, according to the Academy. The percentage of minority members would remain 16.”
The Academy’s full title is The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), and it is made up of greater than 7,000 voting members. All are film-industry professionals, most are US-based, and virtually half are energetic filmmakers (ie their most up-to-date credit score was 2010 or later).
How many votes does it take to get an Oscar nomination?
An straightforward query with a really sophisticated reply. There are totally different voting branches for every class on the Academy Awards, the place members vote in their very own fields. For instance, the Actors department votes to appoint in all 4 performing awards, the administrators vote for Best Director nominees, and so forth. How many votes it’s essential to safe a nomination will depend on the dimensions of the voting department.
According to The Wrap, the one class during which you want greater than 100 votes to safe a nomination are Best Picture and the 4 performing classes, that are voted for by the biggest variety of folks. Everyone has a say on Best Picture.
This collegiate voting partially explains the discrepancies that usually occur between…
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